Ancient civilization in china
Civilization developed in China when people were able to farm, which created more food instead of people constantly looking for food by hunting. Soon, people needed leaders to organize irrigation of water and store food. Families that owned and controlled land and irrigation became powerful in ancient society. In China, the powerful families that controlled land became the leaders of governments called dynasties, which are a government controlled by a family.
Agriculture was directed by the government. The noble, or wealthy,people owned all farming land. The peasants farmed the land. The government directed farming by splitting a piece of land into nine squares in the shape of the character below. The government took the grain from the middle square which was farmed by workers from the other eight squares. The individual farmers kept the the grain in their own square. That way the government was able to get the most grain and store it in case of a disaster.
China's Grand Canal
The Chinese also used the Yellow River for trade and transportation. Many dynasties helped create the Grand Canal along the Yellow River. The Grand Canal is the longest ancient canal or man made river in the world, it runs North and South in eastern China. The oldest part of the Canal was built around the 6th century B.C. The Grand Canal helped China's economy and cities grow, because it allowed for the transportation of food and goods.
China's Class Structure
Chinese society had different classes made up of a king, nobles, commoners, and slaves. The slaves and peasants did the farming and worked on the canals. Lakes are important because they hold a lot of China’s freshwater which is used to make rice and different materials. China has lots of mountains that snow, which is good for the country because it creates runoff from snow which can be used for more water each year.